John Locke (1632-1704) was an English empricist philospoher.
However valid (or invalid) his empirical philosophy may be, there's no arguing that
his ideas have had a profound impact on America The most famous phrase from the
Declaration of Independence,
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they
are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happinessis based on the concepts
he introduces and discusses in this document. Thus, this treatise is generally
considered to be one of the major philosophical foundations of American thought.